THE AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING

VOLUME 21 NUMBER 4

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Editorial
Describing need and shaping practice: an overview of submissions to AJAN

Margaret McMillan and Jane Conway

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Guest Editorial
Extensive need, extended practice

Julie Henderson and Bryan McMinn

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DETERMINANTS OF JOB SATISFACTION AMONG NURSES IN KUWAIT
Job satisfaction among nurses working in five general hospitals in Kuwait was analysed using a global scale based on the McClosky Mueller Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) in relation to selected background characteristics (eg age, gender, nationality, educational qualification, monthly salary and the departments in which they worked.

Key Words: job satisfaction, global scale, background characteristics, neutral score

Makhdoom A. Shah, ScD, is Chairman, Department of Health Information Administration and Vice Dean (Academic Affairs), Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
Naser Al-Enezi, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Department of Health Information Administration and Vice Dean (Student Affairs), Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
Rafiq I. Chowdhury, MS, is Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Information Administration, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
Mohammed Al Otabi, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences and Nursing, Kuwait University, Kuwait.

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A TRAINING PROGRAM FOR EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT NURSES IN MANAGING VIOLENT SITUATIONS
This study investigated the effectiveness of a one-day training program in which ED nurses participated. In particular, their knowledge, skills and attitudes relating to management of workplace violence were examined.

Key Words: emergency nursing, training, workplace violence

Cecil Deans, PhD, Associate Professor of Clinical Nursing, University of Ballarat and Ballarat Health Services, Australia.

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INAPPROPRIATE RESTRAINT PRACTICES IN AUSTRALIAN TEACHING HOSPITALS
This paper describes a point prevalence study undertaken to examine the patterns of restraint use in an Australian teaching hospital.

Key Words: restraint, prevalence, Australia, teaching hospitals

Kate Irving, PhD, Bsc (Hons) Nursing, RGN, PhD Graduate Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia, Research Fellow, University College, Dublin, Ireland.

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THE COURAGE TO CARE: NURSES FACING THE MORAL EXTREME
Many European nurses were caught up in 'The Final Solution', trapped in ghettoes and concentration camps. Their advanced age decreases the number of firsthand accounts available. This paper highlights their work in one camp and relates their stories.

Key Words: care, history, second world war, moral behaviour

Ellen Ben Sefer, BS, MN, PhD, is lecturer, Faculty of Nursing, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.

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URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN CLIENTS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY WHO USE INTERMITTENT CLEAN SELF CATHETERISATION
A review of the literature was undertaken to establish the major risk factors of UTI and how these risks could be reduced in practice.

Key Words: intermittent clean self-catheterisation, urinary tract infection, bladder management, spinal cord injuries, evidence based practice

Melissa T. Moy, BNurs, DipAppSci, is a Clinical Nurse, Spinal Outreach Team, Queensland Spinal Cord Injury Service, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia.
Delena Amsters, MPhty, BPhty, Research Officer, Spinal Outreach Team, Queensland Spinal Cord Injury Service, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia.

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THE ROLE OF SPECIALIST NURSES IN IMPROVING TREATMENT ADHERENCE IN CHILDREN WITH A CHRONIC ILLNESS
This paper explores the topic of professional relationships and adherence and provides an example of how a multidisciplinary team can improve the health and quality of life of paediatric patients.

Key Words: adherence, chronic illness, nursing, paediatrics

Michele Goode, RN, RM, Paediatric Intensive Care Cert,*Clinical Nurse Consultant -HIV/AIDS, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.
Mary Ellen Harrod, BA, DipArts(Pysch), *Research Officer, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick NSW and Research Fellow Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
Sandra Wales, RN, PaedCert, GradDipChildHlth, MN, Clinical Nurse Consultant -Respiratory, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, and Senior Clinical Fellow Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
Professor Jackie Crisp, RN, PhD, FCN, David Coe Clinical Chair of Child and Adolescent Nursing, Sydney Children's Hospital and Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery and Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Conjoint Professor University of New South Wales, Australia.

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