THE AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING

VOLUME 24 NUMBER 2

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Editorial
Professional partners in research and writing? The abyss between the ‘doers’ and ‘thinkers’ of research.

Dr Jackie Jones

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Guest Editorial
New perspectives on old debates: re-engineering the theory practice gap

Professor Glenn Gardner

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COMPETENCE IN PROVIDING MENTAL HEALTH CARE: A GROUNDED THEORY ANALYSIS OF NURSES’ EXPERIENCES
In view of the evidence that general nurses have difficulty in caring for patients experiencing mental health problems, the aim of this study was to explore and describe the subjective experience of nurses in providing care for this client group.

Key Words: Mental health, psychiatric nursing, psychiatric co-morbidity, nursing education, general health care

Ms Julie Sharrock, RN, General Nurs Cert, Crit Care Cert, Psych Nurs Cert, B Ed, MHSc (Psych Nurs), Dip Gestalt Therapy, Psychiatric Consultation-Liaison Nurse, St. Vincent’s Mental Health Service, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. julie.sharrock@svhm.org.au.
Professor Brenda Happell, RN, Cert Psych Nurs, B.A. (Hons), Dip Ed, B Ed., M Ed, Ph.D, Professor of Contemporary Nursing, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.

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STAKEHOLDERS’ VIEWS IN RELATION TO CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES FOR AUSTRALIAN CLINICAL EDUCATORS
Clinical educators in nursing perform a crucial role in facilitating effective learning for students of nursing. They have the potential to act as a catalysing agent for learning – motivating students to make links between theory and practice, moving students safely from the known to the unknown, developing clinical skills and reflective practice. This paper reports on a study to explore what educational solutions could help to resolve the problem.

Key Words: clinical educators, clinical teaching, education, learning community

Associate Professor Margaret McAllister, RN, Ed D, Research Centre for Clinical Practice Innovation, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia m.mcallister@griffith.edu.au.
Professor Wendy Moyle, RN, PhD, Research Centre for Practice Innovation, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia.

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DYING FOR ATTENTION: PALLIATIVE CARE IN THE ACUTE SETTING
This study aimed to analyse the end of life care received by patients in the acute wards of a busy teaching hospital.

Key Words: palliative care advanced disease pathway, quality of nursing care, terminal care, palliative care education, end of life care

Karen Parish, RGN, Dip App Sci (Nursing), BN, MN, Executive Director of Nursing and Patient Services, Repatriation General Hospital, Daw Park, South Australia. karen.parish@rgh.sa.gov.au.
Karen Glaetzer, RGN, BN, Grad Cert Health, MN (Nurse Practitioner), Nursing Coordinator, Community Palliative Care, Repatriation General Hospital, Daws Road, Daw Park, South Australia.
Carol Grbich, Dip Early Childhood Development, Dip Education, BA Hons, PhD, Professor, Department of Palliative Care, School of Medicine, Flinders University, South Australia
Lynette Hammond EN, BN, Grad Cert in Health, Complementary Care Coordinator, Repatriation General Hospital, South Australia. Meg Hegarty, RN, BN, M.PHC (Palliative Care), Lecturer, Flinders University, South Australia.
Annie McHugh, RN, Grad Cert Health, Grad Cert Respiratory Nursing, Clinical Nurse, Community, Repatriation General Hospital, South Australia.

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WHERE DO ALL THE UNDERGRADUATE AND NEW GRADUATE NURSES GO AND WHY? A SEARCH FOR EMPIRICAL RESEARCH EVIDENCE
This paper aims to review the published scientific literature for studies quantifying or examining factors associated with the attrition of undergraduate nursing students in pre-registration programs and the retention of graduate nurses in the workforce.

Key Words: attrition, retention, undergraduate, nursing, review, evidence-based

Lynda Gaynor, RN, BN, Honours Scholar, School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia.
Tamara Gallasch, BBSc, Honours Scholar, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, Australia.
Emily Yorkston, BSc [Hons], PhD, Postdoctoral Scholar, School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia.
Simon Stewart, RN, BA, Grad Dip Ed, PhD, Professor of Health Research, School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia.
Catherine Turner, RN, BA, Grad Dip Ed, MN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Queensland, Australia. catherine.turner@uq.edu.au

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TOBACCO SMOKING HABITS AMONG A CROSS-SECTION OF RURAL JAPANESE NURSES
The aim of this research was to investigate the epidemiology of tobacco smoking among a previously understudied group of rural Japanese nurses.

Key Words: Japan, nurse, smoking, tobacco, epidemiology

Derek R. Smith, BSc, MHSc, MPH, PhD, DrMedSc, Researcher, International Center for Research Promotion and Informatics, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Kawasaki, Japan. smith@h.jniosh.go.jp.
Yasuko Adachi, RN, Deputy Chief Nurse, Department of Nursing, Kurume University Hospital, Kurume, Japan.
Mutsuko Mihashi, RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Kurume University School of Nursing, Kurume, Japan.
Chiaki Ueno, RN, Department of Nursing, Kurume University Hospital, Kurume, Japan.
Tatsuya Ishitake, MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

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RECOGNISING AND RECONCILING DIFFERENCES: MENTAL HEALTH NURSES AND NURSING STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE PRECEPTORSHIP RELATIONSHIP
The main purpose of this study was to examine the preceptorship relationship between students’ and mental health nurses’ in the mental health setting.

Key Words: mental health, nursing education, nursing, students, preceptorship, mental health nurse recruitment

Rosemary Charleston RN, RPN, BHS, M NURS, LECTURER, CENTRE FOR Psychiatric Nursing Research And Practice, School Of Nursing, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia. charle@unimelb.edu.au.
Dr Brenda Happell, RN, RPN, BA (Hons), Dip Ed, B Ed, M Ed, PhD, Associate Professor/Director, Centre for Psychiatric Nursing Research and Practice, School of Nursing, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

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UTILIZATION OF KING’S INTERACTING SYSTEMS FRAMEWORK AND THEORY OF GOAL ATTAINMENT WITH NEW MULTIDISCIPLINARY MODEL: CLINICAL PATHWAY
The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of the implementation of a clinical pathway for the surgical procedure of TURP on clinical quality, cost, and patient and staff satisfaction.

Key Words: TURP, clinical pathway, multidisciplinary, theory, nursing research

Dr. Khurshid Khowaja, PhD, BScN, RN, RM, Director, Nursing Services (AKUH) and Associate Professor School of Nursing, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. khurshid.khowaja@aku.edu

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EFFECT OF LOCAL REFRIGERATION PRIOR TO VENIPUNCTURE ON PAIN RELATED RESPONSES IN SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of local refrigeration prior to venipuncture on pain-related responses in school-age children.

Key Words: Local refrigeration, venipuncture, physiologic pain responses, behavioural pain responses, subjective pain responses, school-age children

Ali Fakhr Movahedi RN, MSN, Department of Paediatric Nursing, Faculty Member in Nursing and Allied Health College, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. Alimovi @ sem-ums.ac.ir.
Shahnaz Rostami RN, MSN, Department of Paediatric Nursing, Faculty Member in Nursing and Midwifery College, Ahwaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.
Mahvash Salsali RN, PhD, Associate Professor of Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Bijan Keikhaee MD, Associate Professor of Haematologic Department, Member of Medicine Faculty, Ahwaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran.
Afshin Moradi MD, Assistant Professor of Department of Pathology, Medicine Faculty, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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THE CLINICAL NURSE SPECIALIST AND NURSE PRACTITIONER ROLES: ROOM FOR BOTH OR TAKE YOUR PICK?
The aim of this paper is to contribute to pertinent discussions regarding advanced practice nursing roles. In particular discussion will focus on the potential implications for the developing nurse ractitioner (NP) role on the existing clinical nurse specialist (CNS) roles.

Key Words: advanced practice, clinical nurse specialist, expanded practice, nurse practitioner, nursing roles

Stephen Elsom, RN, BA, MN, MHN, PhD, Senior Lecturer, Centre for Psychiatric Nursing Research and Practice, School of Nursing, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.
Professor Brenda Happell, RN, Cert Psych Nurs, B.A. (Hons), Dip Ed, B Ed., M Ed, Ph.D, Professor of Contemporary Nursing, School of Nursing and Health Studies, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. brenda_m_happell@yahoo.com.au.
Associate Professor Elizabeth Manias, RN, Cert Crit Care, B Pharm, M Pharm, M Nurs Stud, PhD, Associate Professor School of Nursing, University of Melbourne, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

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