A nurses’ guide to using models of reflection

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Becky Ingham-Broomfield


Reflection, reflective practice, nursing standards, models of reflection, assumptions


Objective: This scholarly paper aims to discuss the importance of reflective practice in nursing, both theoretically and clinically, for undergraduate and graduate nurses. The article also aims to provide direction by comparing and contrasting four reflective models to provide a basis for self-reflection. Primary argument: The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia requires nurses to be reflective practitioners. Gaining greater knowledge of different models of reflection may aid nurses, both undergraduate and graduate, to enhance their clinical and theoretical knowledge through reflection in their day-to-day practice. Registered nurses may develop their practice through reflecting on their actions, experiences, knowledge, feelings and beliefs to shape their ongoing education and practice. Conclusion: There is an expectation from registering authorities for nurses to be reflective practitioners. This paper provides information on four different models of reflection, discussed in a systematic  and logical order, with a view to highlighting the value of their use to support reflective practice. A comparative framework is provided to highlight similarities and differences. A personal reflection, based on a real-life event, using one of the models is included to provide an authentic example.

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